Horace E. Carr

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Horace E. Carr (1869-1941) was a master printer in Wikipedia:Cleveland, Ohio from 1893 to his death in 1941.<ref>The Printer's Art and the Playbill (July 17, 2012). KSL Special Collections News Blog. Kelvin Smith Library, Case Western Reserve University.</ref> Carr began his career as an independent printer after losing a newspaper job during the Panic of 1893.<ref>David Gibson, "The Success of an Efficient Printer," in The American Printer, Volume 62 Number 12 (June 20, 1916). New York. 19.</ref>

Carr was a friend of the individualist anarchist Fred Schulder, and was credited by Schulder as the source, for him, of "the first dawn of light, showing that the solution of our social and economic problems is to be found in liberty." Carr printed Schulder's pamphlet "The Relation of Anarchism to Organization" (1899).




Fred Schulder (1899), "The Relation of Anarchism to Organization"

From "The Relation of Anarchism to Organization" (1899), p. 1.

Cleveland, Ohio
Published at 214 Seneca Street, by Horace E. Carr

From "The Relation of Anarchism to Organization" (1899), p. 2.

That this paper is published in pamphlet form is due mainly to the efforts of my friend, Horace E. Carr. I am also indebted to him for the first dawn of light, showing that the solution of our social and economic problems is to be found in liberty.

Emma Goldman (1931), Living My Life

From Emma Goldman (1931), Living My Life, Vol. 2, Ch. 44. New York: Alfred A Knopf, Inc.

At my lecture in Cleveland [in December 1916] on "Family Limitation" Ben conceived the idea of calling for volunteers to distribute birth-control pamphlets. A number of people responded. At the end of the meeting Ben was arrested. A hundred persons, each carrying the forbidden pamphlet, followed him to the jail, but only Ben was held for trial. We immediately organized a Free Speech League, which combined with the local birth-control organization to fight the case.
Cleveland had for years been a free-speech stronghold, owing to the libertarian conditions established there by the single-tax mayor, the late Tom Johnson. Brave citizens of different political views had since zealously guarded those liberties. Among them I had many friends, but none more helpful than Mr. and Mrs. Carr, Fred Shoulder [sic], Adeleine Champney [sic], and our old philosopher Jacobs. They had always exerted themselves to make my public work successful and to enhance my leisure hours by charming fellowship. It was therefore a severe shock to see this exceptional city go back on its traditions. But the ready response to our call to organize a fight against the suppression held out the hope that the right of free expression would again prevail in Tom Johnson's home town.

Kelvin Smith Library Special Collections Blog (2012)

From "The Printer's Art and the Playbill" (2012):

By 1922, the number of hand-drawn programs and playbills had been augmented by professionally typeset works by local printers. The Play House was the recipient of two beautiful works of art by master printer Horace Carr in the playbills he created for The Tragicall History of Doctor Faustus (March 31st to April 9th, 1922) and The Tragicall History of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (January 12th to 29th, 1923). Carr, Cleveland’s most celebrated printer, enjoyed an international reputation as an innovative and meticulous creator of typeset works. He was an active participant in the Cleveland art scene from the establishment of his Cleveland printing business in 1893 to his death in 1941. Carr was a student of the earliest printers and a devotee of the practices developed in the hand press period as well as those refined in the works of William Morris. Of note in the playbills featured here is Carr’s signature use of the Caslon typeface and pleasing arrangement of text and ornamentation to convey the spirit of the Elizabethan stage of Marlowe and Shakespeare.