Karl August Röckel

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Karl August Röckel (1814-1876) was a German music director. and a friend of Richard Wagner and Mikhail Bakunin. He edited the anarchist newspaper Dresdner Zeitung, published the democratic newspaper Volksblätter, and participated in the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849.

M. Baginski (1912), "The Autobiography of Richard Wagner"

From M. Baginski, "The Autobiography of Richard Wagner," in Mother Earth, Vol VI. No. 11 (January 1912):

In the ideas set forth in his "Art and Revolution," Wagner shows the very probable influence of Bakunin and August Reckel. The latter was one of the participants in the revolution of '48 who realized the inadequacy of a merely political revolution and saw the snare hidden in constitutional changes, and who therefore concentrated his thoughts and efforts upon the reconstruction of society. Together with Bakunin he was sentenced to death for the part he played in the revolution, then "pardoned" to life-long incarceration, and finally liberated, after many years passed in prison.

Wikipedia (2010), "May Uprising in Dresden"

From Wikipedia, "May Uprising in Dresden", revision of 14:24, 27 December 2009:

Before the events of May 1849, Dresden was already known as a cultural centre for liberals and democrats; the anarchist Dresdner Zeitung newspaper was partly edited by the music director Karl August Röckel and contained articles by Mikhail Bakunin, who came to Dresden in March 1849. The Saxon government later accused Bakunin of being the revolutionaries' ringleader, although this is unlikely to have been the case. Röckel also published the popular democratic newspaper Volksblätter.
Richard Wagner the composer, at the time Royal Saxon Court Conductor, had been inspired by the revolutionary spirit since 1848 and was befriended with Röckel and Bakunin. He wrote passionate articles in the Volksblätter inciting people to revolt, and when fighting broke out he took a very active part in it, ...

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