Twentieth Century (ed. Hugh O. Pentecost)

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Twentieth Century was a New York radical periodical founded by Hugh O. Pentecost and published weekly from 1888 to 1898.<ref>Robert Helms, "Hugh Owen Pentecost (1848-1907): A Biographical Sketch", Dead Anarchists</ref> The journal was edited by Pentecost from 1888-1891, and then turned over to other editors in 1891.

From "Hugh Owen Pentecost (1848-1907): A Biographical Sketch"

These lively discourses, which blasted organized religion and denounced landlordism, became the text for his new journal Twentieth Century, from March 1888. Pentecost remained loyal to Henry George’s single tax, but he also embraced anarchism for about two years. The journal became a success and was widely distributed; the sermons, with titles such as "The Sins of the Government," "Anarchism," "The Crime Of Owning Vacant Land," "Murder by Law," and "A Bad God and a False Heaven," drew full houses each week, and were followed by musical recitals, often with vocals by Ida. These were the peak years of Pentecost’s career, when his talks were the regular subject of public debate. In 1889 the Philadelphia police shut down a meeting he was to address on the anniversary of the Haymarket executions, and in 1890 he was one of the scheduled speakers for the stridently anticlerical "Yom Kippur Ball" in Brooklyn, which was banned by order of the mayor. For several days afterward, the dailies carried long interviews in which Pentecost explained why people dissent from religious orthodoxy and blasted the mayor for suppressing free speech. While his views were not always purely anarchistic, he was widely regarded as the great "anarchist preacher" of the time. Also in 1889, Hugh wrote a long essay on "The Crime of Capital Punishment," which was published in The Arena, an important journal published by his first cousin Benjamin Orange Flower.
Another sea-change began for Pentecost in 1891. First he took a secondary role in the fall season, giving the main addresses to other writers. By the end of the year, Hugh had retired from his podium and passed Twentieth Century to another editor in order to study law informally for all of the year 1892, returning to action as a defense attorney at the age of forty-five.

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